What Does Title Insurance Cover?

Do you know what does title insurance cover? It’s crucial for everyone who needs to get a proper solution. You must understand all about title insurance if you plan to buy a home. Because when you are going to be a homeowner, you may like to acknowledge the owner’s title insurance too.

Yet, it is important to learn and understand all the details of title insurance, title insurance policy, title insurance process, and what it covers. You also need to know what title insurance does not cover. It would be best to differentiate between a homeowner’s title insurance and a lender’s title insurance.

This article will focus on every detail of a standard title insurance policy and its coverage.

What is Title Insurance?

Title insurance implies that insurance can defend mortgage lenders and homeowners’ claims that question a property’s legal ownership. If there is any dispute or legal expenditure involved in resolving the title ownership concerns after the purchase, the insurance policy will cover them.

Title insurance is designed a bit differently from other insurance policies. Where other insurance policies help to cover future difficulties, title insurance is intended to protect the policyholder from any deviation and disagreement regarding title from the past owner. Sometimes, the previous homeowners can be undercover while purchasing the house.

What are the Types of Title Insurance?

Title Insurance is of two types. One is the lender’s title insurance, and another is the owner’s title insurance. Both are the same sort of insurance policy but have different insurance parties to protect, especially those with financial stakes in the home or asset.

Lender’s Title Insurance

A lender’s title insurance policy implies the policy to safeguard your financial institution, which provides your mortgage from the title claims that could jeopardize their investment in your home.

As part of processing loan approval, lenders usually ask borrowers to acquire title insurance on behalf of the lender. It is seen as a closing expenditure.

Read about: Closing Cost When Buying a New House

Owner’s Title Insurance

An owner’s title insurance policy implies safeguarding the homeowner of any claims against their homeownership. Owner’s title insurance is not mandatory to purchase a home or property most of the time. But still, it is strongly recommended to make such one.

The seller can pay for it at closing, so you may negotiate for it while buying a home or property.

Warranty of Title

You may buy the property with cash, or your lender may not need the title insurance, so your seller should guarantee you title insurance. It indicates that they are the only person having the legal right to sell the property.

Who is Covered by Title Insurance?

In the above section, we have discussed the types of title insurance. So basically, the title insurance covers both lender’s and owner’s interests. All lenders need to buy this title insurance, but the owner’s title insurance is optional though both the policies are mandatory for any unexpected title issues.

How Does a Title Search Work?

The title firm performs a public record search in each real estate transaction. The work is processed to guarantee that the acquired residence is free and clear of any liens or ownership problems. This procedure verifies that the seller has the legal right to sell the property.

The process is not that complicated and runs smoothly until any dispute emerges. The common title issues are as follows:

  • Forgeries of title
  • Back taxes
  • Filing problems
  • Undisclosed heirs to claim property title
  • Contradictory wills
  • Liens, most typically from unpaid HELOCs or contractor bills
  • Undocumented easements
  • Mistakes in legal descriptions
  • Fraud
  • Defects in notarization
  • Fraud

What Does Title Insurance Cover?

There may be some fundamental issues and flaws with a property regarding the title. Sometimes the title company can miss those issues while purchasing the property or home.

Forgeries of Title or Fraud Signatures

Some cities have higher prices regarding homes and other properties. Scammers are taking ownership of homes unlawfully in those locations where prices are getting higher and higher. And then they are reselling them quickly for getting a big amount of profit.

This is risky for the people buying such property because they are paying for such a house or property that the counterfeit deed of the seller renders the document null and void, as though it had not been recorded before.


Liens are such kinds of legal documents which are linked to a property. It acts as a notice or reminder that the owner has an obligation to someone else. Child support and mechanics are some common examples of liens.

Liens are recorded in a notarized form. But if liens are not found on the title search from the previous owner, the new homeowner may still be liable for the debt.

Errors and False Records

The document may not be appeared in the search because of misspelling names and incomplete legal descriptions.

Missing documents can be attached to your property paper that you may be legally obligated to pay the previous owner’s open mortgage. Otherwise, you will get out yourself at risk of losing your home.

Check: How to Change Property Title Name?

What Can be Done to Minimize Title Disputes?

The title issue will not develop if your title firm or lawyer examines public property records to check the ownership of the house. They will do everything to ensure that the seller is the property owner and has the authority to sell it.

They will search for every kind of dispute and defect, say unknown heir, liens, forgeries, etc., so if any issue or difficulty arises, they will resolve it.

FAQs: What Does Title Insurance Cover?

What Does Title Insurance Usually Cover?

Title insurance covers claims from defects like ownership interests, fraud, forgery, liens, improperly recorded data, and other things that are specified in a title insurance policy.

Why Does the Seller Pay for Title Insurance?

The seller pays for title insurance to protect the buyer against claims and defects.

How Often are Title Insurance Claims Paid?

The buyer makes a one-time payment for title insurance claims at the closing.

Does Title Insurance Protect the Seller?

Title insurance protects both buyer and seller according to the specified policy written under title insurance.

How Important is Title Insurance?

A title insurance policy is important for both buyer and seller because it protects against fake claims and defects that do not appear in public records.

Does Title Insurance Cover Boundary Disputes?

Title insurance generally does not cover boundary disputes, but you might get a facility regarding boundary disputes if you use high-quality title insurance.

To Conclude

Title insurance helps protect your home or property ownership from false claims and defects. The insurance company would reimburse for any monetary loss of the property.

The protection you get from the title insurance company is valuable because it gives you peace of mind to prepare for buying a new property.

Difficulties may arise as you do not know what is coming or waiting for you, so prepare yourself with the best title insurance policy to be stress-free if any problem arises.